Difference between `emigrate’ and `immigrate’

In both cases the person is leaving the country, he was born in, and  he is moving to another country on a permanent basis. He plans to settle down there.

The word `emigrate’ is normally used to refer to the movement from a place. When the person leaves his country of origin, he is emigrating.

For example, when somebody is leaving India and moving to New Zealand, I can say  that he is emigrating from India to New Zealand.

The person who `immigrates’, moves to another country. In this case, you are talking about the movement in terms of the country the person is going to settle in.

Example: During the Second World War, lots of Germans immigrated to the United States.

 Source: ‘Know Your English’ (The Hindu) – September 11, 2006.

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