These are words frequently used in law. Once the lawyers have presented their case, the judge/jury then makes a decision as to whether the defendant (the individual who is on trial) is guilty or not. If he is found guilty, he is convicted of the crime that he has been accused of. A convicted individual is one who has been found “guilty” in a court of law. Once the defendant has been found guilty, the judge then decides what his punishment should be. Should the person be sent to prison for life or should he be hanged? Maybe the person should be made to pay a fine of some sort and then set free. These are the decisions that a judge has to make once he convicts a person. The punishment that the judge gives the individual on trail is the “sentence”.